Glina Massacre 1941 -

Rate us this article:

Period: Second World War

Region: Bania

Glina Massacre 1941

The massacre in Glina Orthodox Church took place on 29th July 1941, in Glina in Banija region, where 1,764 people were killed Serbian nationality. The perpetrators were Croatian Ustasha, a local civilian victims of the Serb population from the village of Glina and the surrounding area. Men from the village of Glina were mostly killed earlier in the slaughter 11-12. May 1941 at Canal and Hadjer.

The Ustasha at the end of July 1941 from a village near Glina and Vrginmost (Kordun region) captured by some and fraud, with a promise to go to "baptized", Serbs, among them children and elderly men chased them in clay and that closed in the Orthodox Church. Ahead Ilindan 1941 victims were slaughtered. The only survivor was Ljuban Jednak.

Ten years after the crimes of the communist authorities have raised a common ossuary memorial for all the victims. The people of Bania on 4 July 1969. own contributions raised the Memorial House of victims of fascism in Glina.

After the crime operarion "Storm", the Croatian authorities Memorial home of the victims of fascism in Glina renamed the Croatian National Home.




Belgrade demonstrations on March 27, 1941.

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is the first South Slavic state, later renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, was created after the First World War, the declaration of 1 December 1918 in Belgrade. Territorially the 1929 Yugoslav kingdom was divided into Banate, and by the organization of a parliamentary monarchy. Royal title was wearing a Serbian Karadjordjevic dynasty. It consisted of Southern Serbia, Shumadija, the Raska, Kosovo and Metohija, Estern Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vojvodina, Slavonia, a small part of Dalmatia, Dubrovnik Republic, Lika, Kordun, Banija, Zagorije, Gorski Kotar and Slovenia. Country after the assassination of King Alexander I in Marseilles Karadjordjevica 09/10/1934. led regents: Prince Paul Karadjordjevic, Dr. Radenko Stankovic and Dr. Ivo Perovic, with the government formed by Dragisa Cvetkovic and Vlatko Macek.

In mid-1930 in Europe there is a rise of Nazism and fascism, especially in Germany, Italy and Spain. This led to the formation of the Tripartite Pact, 09/27/1940. between Germany, Italy and Japan. Tom allied themselves in the coming months, joined by the following countries: Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Albania and others. Thus, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia found itself surrounded Axis.

In Vienna, 25 March 1941 leads to the signing of the protocol between the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Nazi Germany on the passage of German and Italian troops through Yugoslav territory. It is among the patriotic forces of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia interpreted as treason, and the British, and Soviet intelligence officers on 27 March 1941 in Belgrade, organized a military coup and demonstrations, so that he was cast governorship led by Prince Paul, and brought to the throne of a minor king Petar II Karadjordjevic. Hitler's plans changed, and the armed forces planned to attack Greece, were diverted to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

6 April 1941, Nazy Germany and Fasist Italy, together with its allies (Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Albania) attacked the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which capitulated after only a few days. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was dismembered, and most of it belonged to the Independent State of Croatia, which was declared on 10 April 1941 in Zagreb. For leader elected Ante Pavelic.

Immediately after the formation of the Independent State of Croatia, started the implementation of genocide against Serbs, Jews and Roma. Also, the SPC was banned and confiscated all her property, and the SPC clergy persecuted and killed, churches burned and demolished. Serbian Cyrillic is also prohibited on the territory of ISC. It is estimated that the percentage of Orthodox Serbs ISC was higher than 37%, which can not be measured by the Ustasha government and the Vatican, which provided great support the new Ustasha authorities in Zagreb.

Ustasha ideology is reflected in that genocide. the extermination of Serbs, which was Mile Budak, Ustasha minister uttered publicly in Gospic on 2 May 1941.

"One third of the Serbs will be killed, another third baptized, and the third will banish!"





Serbian victims before a crime

In the villages around Vrginmost, Ustasha were telling people that those who respond to the call for the baptized to be spared, and that all rebels to be killed.

Although a lot of people doubted this statement about 1,200 people from the village of Donja Blatuša, Čemernica, Donja Pjescenica, Kozarac, Crevarska Strana and Brnjavac gathered and about 40 Ustasha were taken by truck to Glina, where the Orthodox Church closed and later slaughtered.

After that, the Ustasha spread trapping continues, especially around the village Bovic.

Some arrested people were not killed in the church, but the marshy fields next to Glina Novo Selo. The third group of farmers from the village Dragotina and Klasnić, who was in the Glina prison, shipped by train to Lika and slaughtered there.



According to the testimony of the only surviving witness Ljuban Jednak:
- "The church was closed and Pero Miljevic, innkeeper in Topusko. Ustashe by the church say," Well, you Pero Miljevic, why are you in the old Yugoslavia persecuted Croats?
- "Pero suits them," Listen to the people, this is not true, then I really was a good friend of Croats."
- " No, you were persecuted Croats "- they say, bring down it to the floor with rifle butts and broken by his head. the Ustasha were then exit the church and proceeded to drink at a nearby tavern."

Ljuban Jednak with five separate from the masses and walked down the aisle to hide. However they returned to agreed that a mass at the altar will be easily found.
- "When she came Ustashas to church with them was their mate. He said the Ustasha, if any one of us escape from there, then not one of them will not be. The Ustasha were ordered to strip. Taking off his upper garments, we stayed in the laundry. Then we were ordered to We lay down, and we were doing then slaughtered with knives. "

In this cruel slaughter Ustasha Ljubana Jednak somehow skipped and was never touched the knife. Thinking that all Serbs slaughtered, the Ustasha came out of the church to drink. Ljuban then crawled deeper into the dead and smeared with blood. After some time, the Ustasha returned and started bringing the dead from the church and throw them into trucks, as well as logs. Ljuban ended uppermost in one truck. But do they have them too, so they threw him into the street and then in the other truck.

- "I'm looking at two Ustasha sitting on the dead. One by one, the other in another corner of the truck. I see we're going to Petrinja, and then to the left of the canal, where they threw us into previously dug pits. When they threw us out of the truck, to me has thrown a heavy man, and one was still moving. It is noted, however Ustasha say: Look, this is still alive here. He picked up his rifle and fired. Tim is a bullet shot me in the calf. The wound was not deep. I felt as if someone had put a lighted match on the list. "


Ljuban Jednak testify in court of law after the WW2, the Ustasha massacre in Glina in 1941.

One Ustasha noted that Ljuban wearing a wool sweater, so he removed it and, while he pretended to be dead. They threw him out then back into the pit. The cave later a man starts. Ljuban him, "Dude, are you alive?" "Yes," - he says. "And who are you?" "I'm Dusan Zlokas from Shatornja. What do we do now? "Ljuban told him to run away and got out of the cave and hid in a hedge. How Zlokas not come, Ljuban went in the May Poljane at Uncle Paul Loncara Pajo. Through him I met Stojan Rebraca who helped him.

When my uncle was Ljuban remained hidden for several days. After healing, he was transferred to the yugoslaw partisans, and later became the bearer of the partisan 1941. Another man, by his surname Zlokas, managed to get out of the pit I get home. Someone, however, betrayed and the Ustasha caught him and killed.

At the end of August 1941, the District Committee of the Communist Party of Karlovac brings this assessment:
- "... Such atrocities in the Glina church, what are you committed - drunk with the blood of the fascist vultures - Pavelic's Ustasha, does not remember history. In the district of Glina killed approximately 2,600 people in the district of Vojnić 960. The district Vrginmost 200 people in Velika Kladusa 2,700 people, the number climbs to 6,460 men, women and children up to half of the month of August 1941."


Serbian Orthodox Church of the Holy Virgin in Glina was built in 1846. Shortly after it committed the massacre in 1941, the church was completely destroyed by the Croatian Ustasha.

After the Second World War, the remains of the victims were transferred in 1947 to the Serbian Orthodox cemetery in Glina. At the site of the demolished church of the Yugoslav communist authorities on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the massacre, on 27 June 1951, raised a common ossuary memorial for all the victims. The people of Bania on 4 July 1969. own contributions raised the Memorial House of victims of fascism in Glina.

After the operation of ethnic cleansing storm in 1995, Croatian authorities place the former Serbian Orthodox Church in Glina, and then the Memorial House of victims of fascism in Glina, renamed the Croatian home. In crimes operation "Storm", Ljuban Jednak again found himself with his people in the columns of Serbia. He died in 1997 in Pancevo, in Serbia.

Do not forget and do not repeat!